21 April 2020 – New sanitary measures adopted, temporary closure maintained

Type of Intervention: Executive Order
Sectors Involved: Education, Finance/Economy, Local Government, Private Sector and Businesses, Supply Chains, Tourism, Civil Society
Intervention Categories: Environmental measures; Social and physical distancing measures; Domestic travel
Level of Jurisdiction: National
Lead People/Agency: Ministry of Health leading
Ministry of Commerce, Ministry of Security implementing.

Overview: Executive Decree that adopts new sanitary measures to reduce, mitigate and control the spread of the pandemic due to the disease coronavirus CoVid-19. The experience accumulated by the health authority determines that the temporary closure is to be maintained while the national emergency declaration lasts. Added to the exceptions of mandatory closure contained on Decrees 500 and 507 are; savings and credit cooperatives, agricultural production cooperatives and agro-industry, as well as transport cooperatives and laundries.
Full details here: https://www.gacetaoficial.gob.pa/pdfTemp/29007_A/GacetaNo_29007a_20200421.pdf

Other links: 1
Type of Justification: Advice of INTERNAL government advisory committee or group, Scientific Evidence (e.g. academic paper, report)
Source of Evidence or Justification: World Health Organisation, National – academic, International – academic
Evidence/Justification: It has been shown that COVID-19 is transmitted efficiently from person to person, with clusters of intra-family cases and transmission to health personnel having been identified.
Transmission capacity, which we usually estimate from the so-called basic reproductive number or R0, is a controversial variable in this new disease. An R0 value of less than 1 indicates a poor ability to spread an infectious disease, while R0 values of greater than 1 indicate the need to use control measures to limit its spread. Reliable estimates place the R0 value of COVID-19 at 1.4-2.5, similar to the R0 of SARS coronavirus at the beginning of the epidemic (2.2-3.7), a value that decreased to an R0 of 0, 67-1.23 at the end of it.